What is atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease in which the walls of the arteries thicken and descend, the lumen narrows, and blood circulation becomes difficult. It is characterized by the appearance of atherosclerotic plaques in the vascular walls. Their formation is the result of fat accumulation and the proliferation of connective tissue. Plaques are mainly formed in large blood vessels, causing narrowing and deformation of the blood vessel, which is the result of reduced blood supply to the organs and, as a result, their ischemia.

Risk Factors

Atherosclerosis is especially risky in men over the age of 50 and in women over the age of 60. As for the risk factors that can cause atherosclerosis, there are many, among them, the hereditary factor is of great importance. Risk factors also include age, gender, obesity, tobacco use, diabetes, gout, and gallstone disease.

Lack of physical activities, psycho-emotional tension, nervous injuries, busy rhythm of life and so on also contribute greatly to the development of atherosclerosis.


Disease Manifestations

Atherosclerosis manifests clinically in different ways. Since atherosclerosis affects the main arteries, symptoms caused by narrowing of the arteries in the brain, brain, kidneys, and lower extremities may develop. Manifestations are:

  • Ischemic heart disease, which is manifested by pain in the heart area.
  • Impairment of blood circulation, which may lead to a stroke.
  • Pain in limbs when walking, lameness. In severe cases, gangrene may develop. In men, it can be manifested by erectile dysfunction.

Prevention of Atherosclerosis:

Physical Activity

Physical activity Regular physical activity is necessary. Exercises must be performed on the recommendation of a doctor.

Regulation of Nutrition

Regulation of nutrition. Food full of vitamins and vegetable fat is necessary.

Getting Rid of Excess Weight

Getting rid of excess weight.

Systematic Treatment

Systematic treatment of other related diseases.

Treatment of Atherosclerosis:

Treatment of atherosclerosis requires surgical intervention. Surgical intervention involves expanding blood vessels, removing atherosclerotic plaques, removing part of the damaged blood vessel, and creating a new path for blood flow.

It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Scheduled check-ups and preventive examinations with a doctor.